• Apu Winery

Updated: 6 days ago

sangiovese, apu winery, vino de altura, high altitude winesangiovese, apu winery, vino de altura, high altitude wine

Sangiovese is absent from Wine Folly’s “The 10 Most Popular Wines in the World” list. If it isn’t one of the world's most sought-after grape varieties, why did we choose to plant Sangiovese vines at our vineyards at 2,850 meters above sea level?

We recognized the similarities between our limestone soils and the Albarese (clay-limestone) soils found in the Chianti region. Sangiovese, the oldest appellation in Tuscany, comprise more than 60% of the vines there (Tuscany). Also, it has been noted that the best Sangiovese vineyards are located on hills at higher elevations (Schiessl). Taking these similarities into consideration, we decided to plant this Italian variety to see how they would adapt to the slopes and our terroir.

Luckily for us, our Sangiovese vines quickly adapted to the argilo-calcaire soils on our steep slopes, giving us a full-bodied wine with hints of black cherry, strawberry and butterscotch. It may not surprise you that it’s a perfect match with Italian food, but we recommend you try it with Peruvian dishes like lomo saltado and rocoto relleno. In a few months we will release our 2019 harvest. We look forward to seeing how our Sangiovese has evolved as our plants age.

Works Consulted:

Puckette, Madeline. “The 10 Most Popular Wines in the World.” Wine Folly, 26 June 2019, winefolly.com/review/the-10-most-popular-wines-in-the-world/.

Schiessl, Courtney. “Our Complete Guide To Sangiovese From Tuscany: Sangiovese Guide.” VinePair, 18 Aug. 2017, vinepair.com/articles/complete-sangiovese-wine-guide/.

“Tuscany.” SevenFifty Daily, 6 Oct. 2017, daily.sevenfifty.com/regions/tuscany/.

Updated: Oct 10

Apu Winery was officially accepted as a member of CERVIM, the Centre for Research, Environmental Sustainability and Advancement of Mountain Viticulture. CERVIM is an international organization that promotes and protects heroic viticulture, which is defined as:

Vineyard sites at altitudes over 500 meters (1600 feet)

Vines planted on slopes greater than 30%

Vines planted on terraces or embankments

Vines planted on small islands in difficult growing conditions

While vineyards only need to meet one of the requirements to be considered a heroic vineyard, we meet three. Our vineyards reach 3,300 meters/10,827 ft. (the highest in the world), the slopes of our steep hillside are more than 40% and we use a terracing system to plant in these difficult conditions.

What is more important for us about being a heroic vineyard is the economic impact of growing grapes in this area of Peru. For more information, please read the following post:

https://www.apuwinery.com/post/the-economic-impact-of-heroic-viticulture

Sources:

“A Centre for the Heroic Viticulture.” Centro Di Ricerca, Studi e Valorizzazione per La Viticoltura Di Montagna, 2019, www.cervim.org/en/heroic-viticulture.aspx.

  • Apu Winery

Updated: 6 days ago

We recently planted 4,000 ungrafted Malbec vines in our vineyards at 2,850 and 3,300 meters. It is widely known that the main risk of own-rooted vines is their susceptibility to phylloxera, a tiny aphid that eats the roots of vitis vinifera, capable of wiping out entire vineyards.

Despite this risk, we are interested in exploring the benefits of ungrafted stalks. Some arguments in favor of own-rooted vines include: production of more balanced, intense wines, more uniform clusters, faster maturation periods and consumption of less water (Stolpman).

There are precedents that show that our remote location and high altitude could protect our vines from phylloxera. In the late 1800's, a few vineyards mysteriously survived the pest that devastated the vast majority of Europe's vitis vinifera. The article “Islands Safe from Phylloxera's Destruction: Survival, Renewal and Magic in the Vineyards of Italy”, proposes that low temperatures at high altitudes most likely prevented phylloxera from infesting vineyards in Val d'Aosta in the Italian Alps.

Another example was seen in Montalcino, in southern Tuscany, where isolation from other vineyards presumably acted as a safeguard against the plague, the dense woodlands and hungry birds protecting the vines. We are located far away from the vast majority of Peru's vineyards that are located on the coast.

We hope that the two factors working in our favor, our extremely high altitude and remote location, will protect our Malbec from phylloxera. If we are lucky enough to avoid the unfortunate fate, it will be interesting to see if our wine from ungrafted stalks is more intense, ages better or shows other unique qualities.

Sources:

Singleton, Kate. “Islands Safe from Phylloxera's Destruction : Survival, Renewal and Magic in the Vineyards of Italy.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 10 July 2004, www.nytimes.com/2004/07/10/style/islands-safe-from-phylloxeras-destruction-survival-renewal-and-magic.html.

Stolpman, Peter. “Own Rooted Vines: The Risk.” Stolpman Vineyards, 21 June 2017, www.stolpmanvineyards.com/blog/vineyard-revolution/own-rooted-vines-the-risk/.

Zecevic, Aleks. “Own Rooted vs. Grafted Vines: Which Make Better Wines?” Wine Spectator, 13 Apr. 2018, www.winespectator.com/articles/do-grafted-or-own-rooted-vines-make-better-wine