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  • Chris Burke

Updated: Aug 5, 2018

Tallest of the Eastern Hardwoods

 

Donald Peattie calls the tulip tree “The king of the Magnolia family, the tallest hardwood tree in North America." It grows up to 200 feet tall. "There is something joyful in its springing straightness, and in the candle-like  blaze of it sunlit flowers.”

In Salem the tallest trees are indeed tulip trees. I think the tallest tree is on Federal Street Court and it is approximately 120 feet tall.

Tulip trees are pretty in summer and winter.

 

Tulips blossoms and leaves in June

Tulips Seeds in January

 

 

WHERE TO FIND TULIP TREES IN SALEM

 

This may be Salem's largest and oldest tulip tree, located in the backyard of 3 1/2 Federal Street Court.

 

 

 

Trees at the entrance to Harmony Groove Cemetery

(Large trees in foreground, on the left a cucumber tree, and on the right tulip tree.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Two Views of the same tulip tree at the Pickering House on Broad Street.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This tulip tree is located at the top of the hill when you enter Mack Park from Grove Street, its branches start unusually low for a tulip tree. Because its foliage is low this is the best tree to see tulip flowers up close.

 

 

 

For some time now landscape architects have not planted tulip trees. All the tulip trees that I have found in Salem are over one hundred years old, except for this relatively young tree growing at the corner of Broad and Cambridge Streets in back of 10 Broad Street.

 

 

 

 

There are two tulip trees in Greenlawn Cemetery. This one near Sargent's Pond and the other is near Fountain Pond on Walnut Avenue.

 

 

Two large tulip trees in Salem Willows park.

 

 

 

 

  • Chris Burke

Updated: Aug 5, 2018

 

One of the most visited sites in Salem is the Charter Street Cemetery, originally known as the Old Burying Point. It is the city’s oldest cemetery and was established in 1637.

The Old Burying Point is home to some of Salem's oldest trees and some of the trees in this

cemetery are not found anywhere else in Salem.

In 2018 The City of Salem plans to renovate this cemetery. When the renovations to the cemetery are complete, several of these trees will be removed, so the next few months is the time for one last visit to see these great trees before they are cut down.

The diagram below shows in bold outline the boundary to the cemetery. I have numbered the trees in the cemetery mostly in a clockwise fashion.

The Trees

1. Hackberry

2,3. Amur Cork

4, 16 Scarlet Red Oak

5. Mountain Maple

6,14,15. English White Oak

7. Tree of Heaven

8,12. Hop Tree

9. Red Cedar (3)

10,13. Red Mulberry

17,21. Black Locust

19. Northern Red Oak

20. Eastern Cottonwood

 

 

Hackberry

 

Near the Charter Street entrance look left to the tree closest to the wrought Iron fence of the Witch Trial Memorial. This is a hackberry tree. The hackberry has a unique gray bark. I would describe it as crinkly. The leaves are similar to the nearby cork tree, but notice these leaves are serrated on the edges and the cork leaves are smooth. Notice too, the small galls that typically form on the leaves of the hackberry tree. Both the hackberry and the cork produce berries in the spring. The hackberrys' are edible, the corks' berries are not. This hackberry tree has lost a major limb and has a gash on its trunk. It will likely be removed with the cemetery improvements.

Hackberry leaf

 

Hackberry bark

 

 

 

 

Amur Cork Trees

In the same vicinity of the hackberry are two Amur cork trees. These trees are rare in Salem, by my count there are are seven of them in the city. These two cork trees are healthy and should survive the renovation. The cork tree has thick, furrowed bark. Wine corks are not made not from this type of tree, but from cork oak trees.

Cork tree berries and leaves

 

 

Cork tree bark

 

 

 

 

 

Scarlet Oak

One scarlet oak tree occupies the middle point of the cemetery(no. 4 on the diagram) and the other grows in the chained off Peele family plot. (no. 15 on the diagram, shown in the picture in 1900)

Scarlet oaks are in the red oak family.

Scarlet oaks leaf lobes are deeply indented, the bark is smoother than most types of red oaks and the acorns are smaller and the cap covers more of the acorn.

Both of these scarlet oak trees are healthy and will survive the renovation.

The scarlet oak in the Peele family burial plot as it was in 1900.

 

The same scarlet oak as it appears today.

 

Mountain Maple

This is the only tree of this type (that I know of) in Salem. This is an old tree but it has only

Mountain maple leaves.

 

grown to 25 feet, which is typical of its type. The mountian maple has a very distinctive leaf so it is easy to identify. This particular tree has rot at its base and will probably be removed.

Mountain Maple

 

 

English White Oaks

 

There are three English white oaks in the Charter Street Cemetery and these trees are among the most venerable of Salem’s trees. The oldest may be the oldest tree in Salem. (no. 6 in the diagram) White oaks are known as a slow growing tree, yet this tree has a circumference of 13 feet.

 

These trees were already old when the Salem botanist, Prof. John Robinson, wrote of them in 1890 in his book about Salem

trees called "Our Trees". Although not very tall, about 50 feet, English white oaks do have a wide wingspan and thick twisted branches.

English white oak

 

 

 

 

 

The leaves are small and the lobes rounded. The stems, aka petioles, of the leaves are short. The stems of the acorn are long.

Unfortunately, number 6, the oldest tree, is likely to be removed this year, its trunk is rotted through.

 

 

 

 

 

Leaves and acorns of the English white oaks

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tree of Heaven

 

This is among the most prolific of the local invasive trees. “If there were not so many of them, they would be considered beautiful.” So says the young girl in the old coming-of-age book, "A Tree Grows In Brooklyn" about her beloved tree of heaven growing next to her fire escape. There are about ten of these trees growing at the edges of the Charter Street Cemetery. These trees will all be removed with the renovation.

Hop Tree

 

Hop tree

 

My friend Barbara Warren identified this tree for me. I think I would still be scratching my head trying to place it. Once you know it, it is distinctive. Its leaves always grow in threes and in the fall its individual seed is found in the center of a silver dollar sized

Hop tree leaves of three

 

wafer called a samara. Do not confuse the name with a completely different tree, the hophornbeam.

Unfortunately, this tree, according to the current plan, is to be removed. This tree is healthy and it is a rare in Salem. These two trees (no.8 and 12 on the diagram) are the only two growing in Salem, that I know of.

 

 

 

 

 

Hop tree samara seeds

 

 

 

Northern White Cedar

 

 

Northern White Cedar trees.

 

Three large cedar trees grow on the back wall above Derby Street.

 

 

Red Mulberry

 

This may be the best producing red mulberry tree (no.10 in the diagram) in the city. There are quite a few in

the cemetery, I have identified two by number, but there are some smaller ones as well. The red mulberry tree can be messy. This one drops berries on the sidewalk below and for that reason I am told, it is likely to be removed. Red mulberry is a native tree and its berries are edible and sweet.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Locust

 

The black locust is not native to Massachusetts, but it is native to many areas east of the Mississippi. I love the thick furrows of bark that wrap like cables around mature black locusts. When they bloom in April you see just how common the tree is. It is prolific in Salem in small wooded areas and abandoned lots. It is unusual for a black locust to be included in a landscaping plan, but five were planted as part of the Witch Trial Memorial next to the Charter Street Cemetery. ( no. 21 on the diagram.) Black locusts are perfectly suited to this setting and though they were planted relatively recently, 1992, these trees look old and elegant.

Eastern Cottonwood

 

This tree is outside the cemetery, but it is such a magnificent tree I wanted to include it. You can see it from the cemetery in the grassy area on Central Street next to the bank parking lot. It grows on land that was once part of the tidal area of the South River.

As we said, this cemetery was once called the Old Burying Point and looking down at this cottonwood from the height of the cemetery, the steepness of the old point is apparent. Cottonwoods like wet feet, so this giant cottonwood is well situated. Cottonwoods grow fast. I think this tree may be less than 70 years old.

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