• Arwa Hanin Elrayess

Is War On The Horizon? Everything You Need To Know About The Trump-Iran Conflict

 

Qasem Soleimani- considered a hero and the second most important figure in Iran- was killed in an air strike authorized by President Trump on January 3rd, 2020.

 

This bold and reckless move made by the president follows decades of building tension and may be the start of a much more serious conflict.

 

 

A brief history of American-Irani relations:

 

Although not at war, America and Iran have long been in a state of armed conflict.

 

This mutual rivalry can be traced back to America’s role in overthrowing Iran’s

democratically elected Prime Minister during 1953.

 

This action sparked a feud that would last decades.

 

Over the years, Iran has detained and killed hundreds of American civilians and bombed American embassies across the Gulf region.

 

America has responded with equal aggression, shooting down Iranian planes, placing hundreds of strict sanctions on Iran (crippling their economy) whilst holding Iran responsible for global extremism and terrorism.

 

Recently, however, Iran carried out a series of attacks on oil tankers in the Persian Gulf region. This was followed by attacks on US military bases in Iraq, resulting in the death of a US contractor.

 

Retaliatory U.S. strikes eventually brought us to the Soleimani assassination, which killed a total of 9 other men, one of whom was a key Iraqi militia leader.

 

 

Thousands of citizens storm the streets protesting Trump's actions and the killing of Soleimani

 

Why was Soleimani killed? Trump’s Response:

 

Even though Trump’s strike was without the permission of Congress or the Iraqi government, the US has justified it by claiming that Soleimani was ‘planning an attack on U.S. facilities that would have killed hundreds of Americans,’ and that he needed to be ‘terminated in order to stop a war.’

 

However, minimal evidence has been provided to lawmakers about these claims, leaving the public in a state of skepticism.

 

Iran's Foreign Minister called the attack an "act of international terrorism", and that the US "bears responsibility for all consequences of its rogue adventurism."

 

Trump responded to these threats stating that “52 Iranian sites” will be targeted if Iran decides to launch an attack , and that they will be hit “VERY FAST AND VERY HARD.”

 

 

How is Iran going to react? Is war on the horizon?

 

Although widely speculated, it is unlikely that a full-on war will erupt between the 2 nations.

 

Both Iran and Trump want to avoid any conflict that may end in world-wide devastation.

 

A former Iranian defense minister stated that Iran has ‘never been seeking war and will not be seeking war,’ whilst Trump has stated that his actions were to ‘stop a war’ not to ‘start one.’

 

Instead, Iran’s response will most likely be a carefully and patiently chosen one.

 

It may include accelerating their nuclear program to threaten the U.S, targeting American military bases across the region, or targeting oil facilities in the Gulf.

 

Iran’s retaliations are much more successful when they are within the region.

 

Additionally, due to Trump’s airstrikes also killing an Iraqi militia leader, Iraq may be forced to eject U.S. forces from the country.

 

This may allow ISIS to take advantage of the chaos to improve its position in Iraq.

 

However, the situation must not be underestimated, as much still remains unclear.

 

Officials have warned against any further retaliations from the United States, implying that they could launch a new round of violence.

Do you think Trump was right in eliminating an 'eminent threat,' or will his actions cause much more destruction than peace?

 

Will there be a new World War, or is this simply an exaggerated prediction?

 

Leave your opinions in the comments below...